Indian Constitution is one of the greatest constitutions in the world – Prof.
Shakeel Ahmed Samdani
Today amidst a packed audience at USTM conference
hall, Prof. Shakeel Ahmed Samdani had delivered a talk on “Right to Life &
Personal Liberty”. The guest speaker from Aligarh Muslim University, Prof.
Samdani had laid his stint and proved his expertise on Muslim Personal Law and
international law through numerous research publications, international and
national conferences, seminars, workshops, debate and discussions. “It is a
great opportunity for University of Science & Technology Meghalya to have Prof.
Samdani with us and our students will be highly benefited through his
deliberation ” Prof. R K Sharma, Pro-VC, USTM had stated. He was warmly greeted
and felicitated by Prof. A K Sinha, Dean, School of Law & Research, USTM.
Before touching on the topic to be discussed, Prof. Samdani had described the
definition of constitution in general as it holds the ground for making all
arrangement for smooth functioning of the all state affairs. He had asserted
that because Indian constitution had incorporated all good provisions laid out
in other countries’ constitutions. Then he went on elaborating how part-III of
the Constitution had charted the fundamental rights of the citizen like equality
of law and equal protection of law, Article 15 & 16 through which reasonable
classification or reservation for the backward class was incorporated, Article –
19 which has given the right to freedom of speech and the right to freedom of
religion which gives us right to profess, practice and propagate religion. He
had also shed lights on Article 29 which talked about preservation of culture
and language and right to establish institutions, Article- 32 which had framed
the provisions to be taken up when there are cases of violations of fundamental
rights. Then he discussed Article 21 which espoused the right to life and
personal liberty except according to procedures established by the law. Prof.
Sambadani had further stated that this procedures established by the law should
be just, reasonable and fair and for that he had cited some examples like
solitary confinement or night surveillance which were later declared by the
Supreme Court as unjust, unreasonable and therefore unfair. He had also drawn
instances of Maneka Gnadhi case when her passport was impounded by the State and
Delhi High Court had given a remarkable judgment whereby such arbitrariness
implied in the procedures established by the law had been revoked.